Biotechnologies include the use of living cells for a wide variety of applications.
For example, medical biotechnologies are used for the development of fast and secure diagnosis, accurate therapy and prevention of diseases.
Medical biotechnologies can be used in the field of genomics, recombinant gene technologies, immunology, etc up to the discovery and production of pharmaceutical drugs or molecules as antibodies, hormones and vaccines.
Of course, the application of biotechnologies is not limited to a single area, but can be conducted into large and small organism, plants, animals and humans, as well as into the very smallest components as individual cells or molecules.
Moreover, biotechnologies can be also applied for the detection of toxic compounds, as well as for increasing food productions or for cleaning up pollution.
Recent rapid advances in genetic engineering, protein engineering, cell culture and molecular biology techniques have generated a virtually unlimited potential for altering the capabilities of living systems, greatly expanding the scope of biotechnologies and allowing an unprecedented ability to control life processes.